Four surprising villages
The villages of Katwijk aan Zee, Katwijk aan den Rijn, Rijnsburg and Valkenburg together form the coastal municipality of Katwijk.
Each of these villages has its own surprising history. To find out more about the fishing past of Katwijk aan Zee, you should take a look around in the 'Katwijks Museum'. It is well worth a visit. Katwijks Museum is riddled with information about the interesting, eventful past of this seaside village. You will also find many paintings at the museum, particularly from the period when there used to be an artists’ colony (related to the Hague School) in Katwijk.
If you want to learn all about Valkenburg’s origins as a Roman army settlement on the Limes (nominated as a World Heritage site), make sure to visit the Torenmuseum.
In medieval times, Rijnsburg was known for the Benedictine abbey for noble women, founded by Petronilla of Saxony. In the 17th century, the Protestant movement of the Rijnsburg Collegiants originated in the village. The Jewish philosopher Spinoza worked in Rijnsburg on his life’s work Ethics. Spinoza's house is now transformed into a small museum (Spinozahuis) dedicated to his life and work.